Circuit Failures

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An electrical device operates normally if there are no malfunctions in its circuit. The voltage at the connectors can be measured as shown in the diagram.
However, if an electrical device does not operate normally, its circuit may have failed in some manner.
In this case, the area of a malfunction can be identified by measuring the connectors. Read more Circuit Failures

Basic of Electrical Circuit

Voltage and current

The speed of the waterwheel changes by changing the water volume in the tank. This means that the speed of the water flowing to the waterwheel changes with the change in the water pressure in the tank.
When this phenomenon of water is substituted with electricity, the water volume (water pressure) is the voltage, and the water flow is the electrical current.

Current and resistance
The force of the water flow changes with the height of the gate that is located between the tank and the waterwheel. As a result, the speed of the waterwheel changes.
This gate is equivalent to the resistance in an electrical circuit. Read more Basic of Electrical Circuit

Fundamentals of Automotive electricity

Electrical Circuit

Electrical devices are used in numerous areas of an automobile, and provide various functions.
As electricity passes through a resistor, it affects the resistor and can provide a number of functions.
Electrical devices utilize those functions according to purpose by converting electricity into work.
Functions of electricity
1. Heat-generation function
Heat is generated as electricity passes through a resistor, such as a cigarette lighter, fuse.
2. Light-emitting function
Light is emitted as electricity passes through a resistor, such as a light bulb. Read more Fundamentals of Automotive electricity