A magnetic clutch is driven by engine through the drive belt. The magnetic clutch is a device to connect the engine and the compressor. The magnetic clutch stops and drives the compressor as necessary.
The magnetic clutch consists of a stator (electromagnet), pulley, center piece, and other components. The center piece is installed together with the compressor shaft and the stator is held on the front housing of the compressor.
When the magnetic clutch turns on, current passes through the stator coil, which makes the stator a strong electromagnet. As a result, the stator pulls the center piece with strong magnetic force so the compressor turns together with the pulley.
When the magnetic clutch is off, current doesn’t pass through the stator, which causes the center piece not to be pulled and only the pulley turns idle.
The condenser cools the gaseous refrigerant that reaches a high temperature and high pressure by being compressed by the compressor to change it into the high-temperature and high-pressure (mostly liquid state refrigerant but mixed with some gas) refrigerant.
The condenser consists of tubes and fins, and is installed on the front surface of the radiator.
The high-temperature and high-pressure gaseous refrigerant sent from the compressor separates out 3 passages of tubes to pass through the condenser to be cooled.